The 4-year project (2015-2019) is implemented by Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM) with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It is financed by the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), with a total budget of US$4.9 million. The project is also implemented with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and The National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM).
The project is supporting the Royal Government of Cambodia to bridge existing gaps in institutional capacity, inter-ministerial coordination, and infrastructure through three complementary outcomes:
1. Increased institutional capacity to assimilate and forecast weather, hydrological, climate and environmental information
2. Climate and weather information available and utilized for national, sectoral and sub-national planning as well as for transboundary communication in the region
3. Strengthened institutional capacity to operate and maintain EWS and climate information infrastructure, both software and hardware in order to monitor weather.
Through this project, UNDP will support MOWRAM in re-installing / re-functioning a total of 24 Automatic Weather and Agrometeorological Stations (AWS) and 55 Automatic Hydrological Stations/ AHS (covering Surface and Ground Water).
Information obtained from the established stations will be utilized by MOWRAM to generate and disseminate early warning messages for both planning purposes and for disaster preparedness and emergency response.
The customized weather and climate information, generated with the support of the project, will be applied to design a long-term strategy of climate smart agriculture and other relevant sectoral applications. The project sites focus on communities prone to impacts of disasters and climate change.
The AWS and AHS will be installed in various locations in the Provinces of Preah Vihear, Kampong Thom, Kampong Speu, Kandal, Phnom Penh, Takeo, Kampot, Kep, Preah Sihanouk Ville and Koh Kong.
Cambodia is facing mounting development challenges due to climate change. Longer dry seasons and shorter, more intense rainy seasons are resulting in increased frequency and severity of disasters, i.e. floods and droughts. Recovery from such events stretches limited public resources and forces shifts in development priorities. At the same time, the climate change are, among others, impacting agricultural production, affecting household level income and putting pressure on food security.
The purpose of an early warning system is to monitor climate and environmental data on a real-time basis, detect adverse trends and make reliable predictions of possible impacts in the form of early warning information.
An effective early warning system would enable timely response to natural hazards and extreme weather event, as well as risk-informed development planning. Thus, beyond advisories in emergency situations, early warning also provides information related to the changing climatic trends, which is resulted from analyzing climate and weather data over time.
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