Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.

15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.

15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world.

15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.

15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

15.b Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide number adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.

15.1.1 Forest area as a percentage of total land area.

15.1.2​ Percentage of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas and fisheries conservation areas, by ecosystem type.

15.1.3 Forest areas and ecosystems sustainably utilized.

15.2.1 Percentage of sustainable forest protection and management.

15.3.1 Area of forest landscape restoration for areas affected by desertification, drought and floods.

15.5.1 Number of action plans for conservation of rare and endangered species of fauna and flora developed and implemented.

15.7.2 Number of cases of illegal poaching and trafficking of flora and fauna decreased.

15.9.2 Number of policies, strategies and regulations on ecosystem services is established and implemented.

15.b.1 Official development assistance for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems.